Planning a Baltic Cruise?  In this installment of our Baltic Cruise Travel Guide Series, join us as we visited Rosenborg Castle in Copenhagen, Denmark.

Rosenborg Castle – National Museum

In addition to its fine beauty and the King’s Garden, Rosenborg Castle houses the national treasures of Denmark in the form of a National Museum.   Built in the 1606 by the architecture-loving King Christian IV as a summer residence for the royal family, it remained as a royal residence until 1838 when the building became state property and was opened to the public.

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Fairy Tale-like Rosenborg Castle

The fairy tale-like Rosenborg Castle and its gardens.

Imagine visiting a royal home that is at least 400 years old!  The Rosenberg interiors had been immaculately preserved  because the castle had not been extensively used since 1710 – in the reign of the builder Christian IV’s great grandson.



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King Christian IV’s Blood Stained Garments

One of the most famous collections of the Rosenborg Castle is this display of King Christian IV’s blood-stained garments from a battle in 1644, where the King was wounded and lost the sight of his right eye.  To this day, the blood stains (now turned brown) can still be clearly seen on the garments.

Portrait of King Christian IV as he lay on his death bed.

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Wax Portraits of Royal Family

Another one of the famous exhibits in Rosenborg Castle are these wax portraits of the royal family, made from either life or death masks.  It was so life-like, making it extremely eerie to look at at close proximity.  I didn’t even dare to make eye contact with it.

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Intricate Rooms and Chambers in the Rosenborg Castle

Over the years, the descendants of the royal family added their own personal touch to the rooms and furnishings of Rosenborg Castle.

The private chambers of the King Frederik III and his Queen and the extravagance surrounding it.


In Rosenborg Castle are some of the most intricate furniture and accessories that you can ever find.

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Rosenborg Castle Change of Guard Ceremony

Every day at about 11:30am, the guards march from Rosenborg Castle through the city to Amelianborg where the change of guards ceremony takes place at noon.  From the windows of Rosenborg Castle, we could see a smaller scale of guard command at the field.

Rosenborg is a relatively small castle, especially so when you compare it to the grandeur of the palaces in Russia.  Having said that, it is still a very interesting royal home to visit. This museum has three floors, linked by a spiral staircase.

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Rosenborg Castle Winter Room

Of Rosenborg Castle’s rooms, this winter room, one of the King’s three private chambers was the best preserved.

Some of the ornate furnishings in the castle were put behind glass screens for preservation.



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Rosenborg Castle Porcelain Room and Glass Room Treasures

The most famous of these protected areas are the Porcelain Room and the Glass Room where national treasures were kept.  You’ll be wowed by the sheer number of treasures and the beauty of these rooms.

If these things looked chinese to you, you are not far off.  Chinese and Japanese porcelains were exported to Denmark as early as the history of the Castle itself.

In Rosenborg Castle, even the ceilings were beautiful.


Many of the rooms in Rosenborg Castle were used by the next few generations of royals after the reign of King Christian IV as audience rooms.  If only my living room is as magnificent….

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Family Portrait of the Royal Family

The royal family’s portraits are every where – this was after all, a former royal residence. This large portrait in the middle was of King Christian VII in his anointing robes.


The portraits were so well-drawn and life-like, they looked even better than photographs!


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Jewellery in Rosenborg Castle

Some of the jewellery on display.  The real treasures, however, were downstairs in the cellar where the crown jewels were on display.


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Rosenborg Castle Long Hall and Throne Room

The most beautiful part of Rosenborg Castle must be the Long Hall and the Throne Room.

The Long Hall was intended for festive occasions, and was the last room to be furnished in the castle.


Now I understand why it was called the Long Hall.

The magnificent Throne Room.

The King’s throne was made in the 1660s and composed of narwhal tusk.  It was first used for the anointing of King Christian V back in 1671.  The Queen’s silver throne was made later in 1731.  The thrones were last used in 1840.  That’s more than 170 years ago!

The silver lions are placed to guard the structures for the long-deceased Kings.

Join us next as we explore the Treasury of Rosenborg Castle.

First published 20 Mar 2016
Last updated 27 Oct 2019

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